2014年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷)英語試題(附答案和解析)

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ 卷) 英 答案卡一并交回。

          語 試 題 本試卷分第 I 卷(選擇題)和第 II 卷(非選擇題)兩部分。

          考試結束后,將本試卷和 第Ⅰ 卷 注意事項: 1.答第 I 卷前考生務必將自己的姓名、準考證號填寫在答題卡上。

          2.選出每小題答案前,用 2B 鉛筆把答題卡上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。

          如需改動,用 橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號框,不能答在本試卷上,否則無效。

          21cnjy.com 第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分 40 分) 第一節 (共 15 小題;每小題 2 分,滿分 30 分) 閱讀下列列短文,從每題所給的四個選項(A、B、C 和 D)中,選出最佳選項。

          并在 答題卡該選項涂黑. 【來源:21cnj*y.co*m】 A Arriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband ,Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children. During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worr as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport. He reported the case to the police and then sat there,lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one. Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband’s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can(垃圾桶)that had been left out on the footpath. My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend. That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people.We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way. 1.What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney? A.Go shopping B.Find a house 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 1 頁 共 14 頁)

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) C.Join his family D.Take his family 2.The girl’s parents got Rashid’s phone number from_______. A.a friend of his family B.a Sydney policeman C.a letter in his papes D.a stranger in Sydney 3.What does the underlined word“restored”in the last paragraph mean? A.Showed B.Sent out C.Delivered D.Gave back 4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A.From India to Australia. B.Living in a a New Country. C.Turning Trash to Treasure. D.In Search of New Friends. B Since the first Earth Day in 1970,American have gotten a lot “greener” toward the environ -ment . “We didn’t know at that time there even was an environment,let alone that there was a problem with it,”says Bruce Anderson,president of Earth Day USA. But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement.Business people,political leaders,university professors,and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many ,many times,”says Gaylord Nelson,the former governor from Wisconsin,who thought up the first Earth Day. According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9 .Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with , the world is a safer and healthier place .A kind of “Green thinking ” has become part of practices . Great improvement has been achieved .In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs ,; today in 1995 there are about 6,600 .Advanced lights ,motors , and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution . Twenty –five years ago , there were hardly any education programs for environment .Today , it’s hard to find a public school , university , or law school that does not have such a kind of program .” Until we do that , nothing else will change! ” say Bruce Anderson . 25.According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___ A.the social movement 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 2 頁 共 14 頁)

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) B.recycling techniques C.environmental problems D.the importance of \Earth Day 26.Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from? A.The grass –roots level B.The business circle C.Government officials D.University professors 27.What have Americans achieved in environmental protection ?21 教育名師原創作品 A.They have cut car emissions to the lowest B.They have settled their environmental problems C.They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities. D.They have reduced pollution through effective measures . 28.What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ? A.Education B.Planning C.Green living D.CO reduction C One of the latest trend(趨勢) in American Childcare is Chinese an pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese an pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that’s true all across the country. “I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age” Joseph Stocke,the managing director of s company, says of his 2-year old son. “I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future,” After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says.w Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an an pair from China. She didn’t want her children to miss out on their roots.” Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接 觸) the language and culture.” she says. “Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,” says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.”But parents must understand that just one year with an pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.” The popularity if an pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for an pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 3 頁 共 14 頁)

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) 29.What does that term” an pair” in the text mean? A.A mother raising her children on her own B.A child learning a foreign language at home C.A professor in language education of children D.A young foreign woman taking care of children. 30.Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______. A.to live in China some day B.to speak the language at home C.to catch up wit other children D.to learn about the Chinese culture 31.What can we infer from the text? A.Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America,21 世紀教育網版權所有 B.Educated woman do better in looking after children C.Chinese an pairs need to improve their English Skills. D.Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. D Metro Pocket Guide Metrorail(地鐵) Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out .Up to two children under age five may travel free with a paying customer . Farecard machines are in every station .Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the stations and farecard machines only provide up to $5 in change. Get one ticket of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass .Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations .Use it after 9:30 a,m. until closing on weekdays , and all day on weekends and holidays . Hours of service Open:5am Mon-Fri Close:midnight Sun-Thur. the station. Metrobus When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35 . when paying with a SmarTrip?card,the fare is $1.25 Fares for the Senior /disabled customers Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare .On Metrorail and Metrobus , use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip?card .For more information about buying senior .disabled farecard , SmarTrip?cards and passes , please visit MetroOpensDoors .com or call 202-637-7000and 202-637-8000. 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 4 頁 共 14 頁) 7a.m Sat-Sun 3a.m Fri-Sat nights Last train time vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100. Travel tips (提示) · Avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4and 6p.m. · If you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost &Found at 202-962-1195, 32.What should you know about farecard machines? A.They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m. B.They are connected to change machines . C.They offer special service to the elderly . D.They make change for no more than $5. 33.At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday ? A.At midnight . B.At 3 a.m. C.At 5 a.m. D.At 7 a.m. 34.What is good about a SmarTrip?card ? A.It is convenient for old people . B.It saves money for its users C.It can be bought at any train D.It is sold on the Internet 35.Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro? A.202-962-1195 B.202-962-1100 C.202-637-7000 D.202-637-8000 第二節(共 5 小題:每小題 2 分,滿分 10 分) 根據短文內容, 從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。

          選項中有兩項為多 余選項。

          Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience , there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability , money , and time 36 .Money is a topic I’ll save for another day .So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spent in the kitchen .Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1.Think ahead .The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat .So think ahead of the coming week .When will you have time to cook ?Do you have the right materials already ? 37 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 5 頁 共 14 頁)

          三文齋工作室·英語組(整理) 2.Make your time worth it .When you do find time to cook a meal , make the most of it and save yourself time later on .Are you making one loaf of bread ? 3. 38 .It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something .So save yourself the effort for future meal . 39 This may surprise you , but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation .It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. 40 And don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A.Try new things. B.Ability is easily improved. C.Make three or four instead. D.Understand your food better. E.Cooking is a burden for many people. F.Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G.A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 第三部分 英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分 45 分) 第一節 完形填空(共 20 小題;每題 1.5 分,滿分 30 分) 閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的四個選項(A, B, C 和 D)中,選出可以填入空白 處的最佳選項,并在答題卡該項涂黑。

          Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top were very 42 would probably get back As they 46 It was 49 41 , but on their way back conditions 43 alone, he 45 and try to lower Joe down 47 occurred. They couldn’t 50 was pulling . Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon 44 . But Simon decided to risk his the mountain on a rope(繩). down, the weather got worse. Then another 48 see or hear each other and, , Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice (峭壁) . 51 , after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, 53 into a large crevasse(裂縫)in the ice 54 to 58 , 56 . for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe’s 52 . In tears, he cut the rope. Joe 55 Simon slowly towards the precipice. Simon had to below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn’t walk, but he get out of the crevasse and started to Simon had voice. He couldn’t 57 but he didn’t want to leave towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be 60 it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive. 2014 年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(新課標Ⅱ卷) 英語試題 (第 6 頁 共 14 頁) 59 . Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s

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